The history of St. Mary's Convent, Allahabad, rests on the foundation of the Congregation of Jesus (the former Institute of Blessed Virgin Mary) by our Venerable foundress Mary Ward, who believed firmly that "Women in time to come will do great things!" We are a part of a journey which began with Mary Ward in 1585. In response to the needs of her time, Mary Ward founded the Institute in 1609, to cater to the education of girls, with the special emphasis on moral and spiritual foundation.

Inspired by her zeal and enthusiasm, the CJ sisters came to India at an invitation from Bishop Anastasius Hartmann, to the then Superior General of the CJ sisters, Mother Catherine de Graccho, in Nymphenburg - Germany. The pioneers to India, a group of five young sisters from Germany set out in 1853 across the oceans to the unknown strange land of India. After reaching Bombay by ship, they embarked upon a perilous journey across the vast peninsula of India in a Bullock cart and reached Patna, where they founded the first house and school in India, St. Joseph's Convent, Patna.

In the years that followed, these brave women and others who followed them worked whole - heartedly to spread God's Kingdom in the Indian subcontinent, establishing new convents and reaching out to the poor and needy in the northern parts of India through the ministries of education, health care, care of youth and orphans. In the year 1866, Bishop Anastasius Hartmann intended to open a new Convent of the IBMV (CJ) sisters in Allahabad and appealed to Mother General for more sisters. By the time the 8th Party of sisters arrived in India, the Convent and Boarding school at Phaphamau was almost ready. The sisters moved into the Convent of January 1ih, 1866. On January 15th, 1866, the boarding school was opened with two pupils, Mary Elise and Nina Frizzone.

Though the number of students increased gradually, since the sisters had to face endless problems in Phaphamau, they first shifted to Elgin Road in Allahabad, then temporarily to Lowther Castle and finally in February 1888 (or 1886), to 32 Thornhill Road (Maharishi Dayanand Road), where we are today. The Catholic Diocese of Allahabad had offered a piece of leased land, within the campus of St. Joseph's Cathedral to the sisters to build their school, where a spacious red-brick building had been erected. The original building exists to this day, and is considered one of the Heritage buildings of the city on account of its unique architectural style. Around it many other structures have been constructed in the course of years to accommodate the ever increasing number of students.


St. Mary's Convent is a name synonymous with education, values, culture and a sense of responsibility. Till now, SMC was like a tale untold, a glorious saga of selfless work done by the missionaries in the Allahabad province.

Flipping through the logbooks and the old records, we tried to peek into the past, which at first seemed like a purple haze, but as the haze cleared itself, with each page unfolding a new story, it brought forth the eternal legend of St. Mary's Convent - as witnessed by the walls and corridors of this edifice.

145 years back, a dream named SMC began with a vision 'spe labor levis' (Latin) - hope lightens work. We all know that our school was established in 1866, and after reading more about its foundation, we come to know about its beginnings in Phaphamau, and how, later in the 19th Century, it came to Allahabad. But with it was born St. Anne's, also known as the Convent girls free school, or the Catholic free school. The earliest records that are available are those dated back to 1866 when St. Anne's and St. Mary's existed as two separate schools in the same compound. The present Primary school building was in fact the place where St. Anne's stood.

The schools were run by the missionaries with the aid of extended funds by the British Government and the local municipal corporations.

There is a few such mentions of grants given to the schools by the Red Cross society.

The schools were under the strict supervision of the inspector of European schools in charge of the North Western Provinces and Oudh.

As the 20th Century dawned, it marked its beginning by the celebrations of the 50 years of apostleship of IBMV in India in 1904, at the end of which the student count reached 90. In 1927, the name day of the school was for the first time celebrated by all the pupils on the 8th of September. The school had an active participation from the students.

On the 15th of August, 1947, the students of St. Mary's high school and St. Anne's middle school performed together in the music hall while they jointly celebrated the historic event of India having achieved independence and of welcoming the new Bishop of Allahabad diocese.

St. Anne's did untold good to the poor of Allahabad until in 1947, after the independence, all the children were admitted in St. Mary's. The former St. Anne's was renovated and became the Teachers' Training College in 1950. Much later, the TTC was shifted to where it is presently, and the former building is now the Primary school.

Early in 1948, Mahatma Gandhi's assassination was mourned with a memorial service in the cathedral.

In 1954, under Rev. Mother Angela, half days on Saturdays were introduced. And in 1960, Rev. Mother Hermine introduced our first ever uniform - navy blue pleated skirts with white blouses and monograms.


In the April issue of "Catholicus" Fr. A. G. Rego wrote: "A Centenary is always a landmark in the history of any institution. But the celebration of an educational and missionary institution, in a land like India, is an event pregnant with meaning and expectancy; on occasion like this the past and the present merge with the future to bring out the message and efforts of those who in the past have laboured and spent themselves and the vigour and dynamism of those who today carry on the noble traditions, to witness the Light, the Truth and the Life, to make Christ known where He is well nigh a stranger, and to plant the Church in receptive virgin soil.

Rev. Mother Hermine (the superior of St. Mary's Convent) organized with the help of her devoted community, staff and students elaborate celebrations from 18th to 23rd Feb.

There were religious, cultural, social, intellectual and physical activities - all planned on a colossal scale to mark such an important event. What must have impressed all those who attended the celebrations was the sense of divine, which was given due importance and emphasis, and which ran like a golden thread through all the festivities."

Compiled by
Shivani Saran
Arpita Chandra
Class 12
(Session - 2009-2010)

© 2019 St. Mary’s Convent Inter College, Prayagraj. All Rights Reserved. Designed & Maintained by: